Dr. Michal Perlman


Professor, University of Toronto and Director, Dr. R.G.N. Laidlaw Research Centre, University of Toronto



416-978-0596


Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE)


University of Toronto


252 Bloor Street West
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
M5S 1V6


Early childhood education in Canada


Part of a book


Howe N., K. Flanagan, M. Perlman
International Handbook on Early Childhood Education and Care, M. Fleer & B. van Oers, vol. 1, Springer, Netherlands, 2017, pp. 721-743

View PDF
Cite

Cite

APA
Howe, N., Flanagan, K., & Perlman, M. (2017). Early childhood education in Canada. In M. F. & B. van Oers (Ed.) (Vol. 1, pp. 721–743). Netherlands: Springer.

Chicago/Turabian
Howe, N., K. Flanagan, and M. Perlman. “Early Childhood Education in Canada.” In , edited by M. Fleer & B. van Oers, 1:721–743. International Handbook on Early Childhood Education and Care. Netherlands: Springer, 2017.

MLA
Howe, N., et al. Early Childhood Education in Canada. Edited by M. Fleer & B. van Oers, vol. 1, Springer, 2017, pp. 721–43.


Abstract 

This chapter provides an overview of the childhood education and care (ECEC) landscape in Canada. Canada is a federation of ten provinces and three territories; this constitutional framework gives the provinces and territories full jurisdiction for education and child care (e.g., Canada does not have a federal department of education or child care or a national policy). This model has shaped the development of ECEC policies and programs across the county and contributed to some of the challenges discussed in this chapter. We focus this review on center-based care and public kindergarten and discuss pertinent legislation, policy (including issues of availability, affordability, and children with special needs), and relevant descriptive information of regulation and services across the country. In addition, we provide a brief overview of provincial/territorial ECEC initiatives and include two examples of recent, large-scale policy directions regarding the introduction of full-day kindergarten for 4- and 5-year-olds (Ontario) and the universality of child care services (Quebec). We then present the limited data available about program quality across Canada with a discussion of new initiatives in this area. Emerging trends in ECEC regarding governance, curriculum, and human resources are identifed, which indicate the dynamic and continued efforts to improve the quality of services provided for children and families. Finally, the chapter concludes with an analysis of ongoing challenges.

Share