Dr. Michal Perlman


Professor, University of Toronto and Director, Dr. R.G.N. Laidlaw Research Centre, University of Toronto



416-978-0596


Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE)


University of Toronto


252 Bloor Street West
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
M5S 1V6


Risk perception, regulation, and unlicensed child care: lessons from Ontario, Canada


Journal article


Linda A. White, Michal Perlman, Adrienne Davidson, Erica Rayment
Journal of Risk Research, vol. 22, Informa {UK} Limited, 2018 Jan, pp. 878--896


Cite

Cite

APA
White, L. A., Perlman, M., Davidson, A., & Rayment, E. (2018). Risk perception, regulation, and unlicensed child care: lessons from Ontario, Canada. Journal of Risk Research, 22, 878–896.

Chicago/Turabian
White, Linda A., Michal Perlman, Adrienne Davidson, and Erica Rayment. “Risk Perception, Regulation, and Unlicensed Child Care: Lessons from Ontario, Canada.” Journal of Risk Research 22 (January 2018): 878–896.

MLA
White, Linda A., et al. “Risk Perception, Regulation, and Unlicensed Child Care: Lessons from Ontario, Canada.” Journal of Risk Research, vol. 22, Informa {UK} Limited, Jan. 2018, pp. 878–96.


Abstract

In 2014, the Province of Ontario, Canada undertook a number of legislative changes regarding child care. Part way through the process, a series of tragic focusing events occurred: a number of infants and children died in unlicensed child care over a short period of time. Despite these events, the Province chose to allow a portion of the family child care (FCC) sector to remain unlicensed and essentially unregulated in a sector that is otherwise subject to strict licensing and regulation. Drawing on research on risk regulation, we analyse FCC regulation in comparison to other sectors and find that FCC is surprisingly under-regulated, given the health and safety risks. Legislative debate analysis reveals a number of rationales for non-regulation. In addition to pragmatic political concerns such as costs associated with licensing, analysis reveals concerns about choice and accessibility over quality and safety. We conclude with a call for a research agenda to further examine parents’ and policy-makers’ perceptions of risk.


Share